The agreement contains various procedural safeguards to protect due process rights and prohibit dual threats.  [VIII 2-6] The agreement also exempts Filipino personnel from visa formalities and ensures expedited entry and exit;  [IV] requires the United States to accept Philippine driver`s licenses;  [V] authorizes Philippine personnel to carry weapons to U.S. military facilities during deployment;  [VI] provides for exemptions and import/export duties for Filipino personnel;  [X, XI] requires the United States to provide medical care to Filipino personnel;  [XIV] and exempts Philippine vehicles, ships and aircraft from landing or port charges, shipping or overflight charges, road tolls or any other charge for the use of U.S. military installations.  [XV] The main effect of the agreement is that the U.S. government retains jurisdiction over U.S. military personnel accused of committing crimes in the Philippines, unless the crimes are “particularly important to the Philippines.”  This means that the United States may refuse the detention or arrest of accused personnel in the event of non-significant crimes or prosecute them under U.S. jurisdiction. In accordance with the Agreement on Visiting Forces, local courts have one year to close all judicial proceedings.
 The agreement also exempts U.S. military personnel from visa and passport provisions in the Philippines. On February 11, 2020, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte officially announced at the U.S. Embassy in Manila that he was coming to an end to the pact, with the denunciation expected to come into force in 180 days, unless otherwise agreed during that period. In the past, Duterte has shown admiration for both Russian forces and the People`s Liberation Army of China, although the Philippines and China are involved in a dispute in the South China Sea over sovereignty over the Spratly Islands.  In June 2020, the Philippine government reversed this decision and announced that it was maintaining the agreement.  The Philippines became a colony of the United States after the Spanish-American War and the Subsequent Philippine-American War. In 1935, under the Tydings-McDuffie Act, the Philippines became an autonomous community, the Commonwealth of the Philippines, with full independence, planned ten years later. On July 7, 1946, the Philippines became totally independent by World War II and the Japanese invasion and occupation of the Philippines.  After independence, a strong U.S. military presence remained in the Philippines, including a number of U.S.
military bases in the Philippines, all authorized by agreements between the newly independent Philippines and the United States. There have also been a number of treaties that have established a strong link between the Philippines and the United States, which grant both countries rights that are not due to other nations.